After agriculture, most of the labourers are employed in construction sector in the state of Bihar. Construction Labourers have to work under difficult working conditions and their works are totally temporary in nature. Construction works are done mostly in open areas, which widens the possibilities of accidents. Keeping in view the welfare of construction workers of unorganized sector, Central Government has formulated Building and other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Act 1996 and Building and other Construction Workers Cess Act 1996. Following which, Bihar Building and other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment and Condition of Service) Rule 2005 has been formulated by the State Government. In the light of the provisions of the above said Act and Rules, Govt. of Bihar has constituted Bihar Building and other Construction Welfare Board in the month of February, 2008 for the welfare of Construction Workers.
Principal Secretary/Secretary, Labour Resource Department in ex-officio chairman of the Board and the position of Secretary of the Board is equivalent to the post of the Joint Labour Commissioner in the Department of Labour Resources.